LoRa GPS Tracker Test, Air-to-Air Communication Range Over 40KM

LoRa GPS Tracker Test, Air-to-Air Communication Range Over 40KM

“Compass” is a compact LoRa based GPS tracking device for tracking various assets and the living equipped with a rechargeable battery. Integrated with LoRa+GPS+BLE chips, which enable “Compass” pairs with your phone and transmit GPS location from device to device through LoRaWAN network. Low power consumption combines with private network,makes it ideal for outdoor adventure.  

LoRa Point to Point communication

In this project, we will show you how to get GPS data from a remote LoRa based GPS tracker and the maximum communication range that can achieve between two LoRa trackers. let's get started!

1. Overview of Test Environment 

Node 1 located at the observation deck of Nanshan. Node2 moves from Qianhai to Dongguan through Yanjiang highway. The observation deck is facing the Yanjiang highway, test environment open, with few buildings.

LoRa Communication Range Test

2.Test Method

Required devices:  2*LoRa GPS Tracker+1* mobile phone.
LoRaWAN data rate: DR0(SF12,BW125)
Divide the test team into two groups.
Group 1: One LoRa Tracker(node 1) +one mobile phone, climbs to the empty observation deck of Nanshan. about 275 meters above sea level.

LoRa air to air test

Group 2: One LoRa Tracker(node 2), heading to Humen from Qianhai, vehicle speed around 80Km/h on Yanjiang highway.
LoRa communication range test report
Operation: 
Step 1: Node 1 pairs with the mobile phone, open test APP. if successfully connected, will have enabled notification.
Step2: Node 2 sends a GPS location message to Node 1 every 2 minutes by default.
If received, will get a notification in-app.
if not received, display” Activity unbound to the service “.

3. Running Result

LoRa communication range

The following are some representative data:
  • Starting Point( where node1 is ): Observation deck of Nanshan. about 275 meters above sea level.
  • Near Qianhai branch of ABC: node2 is 2KMaway from node1, few buildings around, high receive sensitivity, no packet loss.
  • Close to Bihai fortis city iii:node2 is 3KMaway from node1, no building around, high receive sensitivity, signal stable, no packet loss.
  • Near Bao'an International Airport:node2 is 5KMaway from node1,Packet loss rate increasing sharply due to the impact of airport signal shielding, when left airport area, signal recover, no packet loss.
  • Fuyong toll station:node2 is 3KMaway from node1, no building around, high receive sensitivity, signal stable, no packet loss.
  • NearXin'an East Road, Dongguan:node2 is 5KM away from node1, no building around, high receive sensitivity, signal stable, no packet loss.
  • NiutauShan Tunnel:node2 is 0KMaway from node1, packet loss rate increase due to the impact of mountains.
  • Near the Dongguan University of Technology :node2 is 3KMaway from node1, a lot of buildings around, packet loss rate increase to 100% due to urban environment, test ended.

    4. Conclusion and Notices

    This project further validates the advantages of LoRaWAN wireless communication. In the outdoor environment without obstacles, the air to air communication range between two LoRa end-device is over 40KM.
    Notice: You have to be aware that Radio link quality and performances are highly dependent on the environment. Better performances can be reached with:
    • Outdoor environment, No obstacles.
    • No high-level radio interferer in the ISM band.
    • At least 1 meter above the ground.
      Radio communication is usually killed with bad topographic conditions. It is usually not possible to communicate through a hill, even very small.